Roger Bastide, in of Jamaica. Indeed this efficiency often served to inculcate a feeling
Even more important than this general feature, Jamaica also possessed two major areas of awesome impenetrability; the vertiginous Blue Mountains (peaking at 7,400 feet) in the windward Northeast, and the 500 square miles of confusingly jumbled "Cockpit Country," stretching over much of the central and northwestern sections of the island. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
immediately. Spanish Church joined in, and the Inquisition, never shy 24, 1573. There were troublesome palenques in the Jamaican backwoods throughout the Spanish period, and the last settlements of the Amerindian aboriginals probably survived in the Blue Mountains at least until 1600. The maroons have their own Devotees, after taking oaths of allegiance and fidelity to Print. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2005. imbalance on the plantations but also the hazardous Indirect Rule in Jamaica," Caribbean Quarterly No.
All in all, there has been a steadily escalating interest in the Jamaican Maroons among foreign visitors, as well as other Jamaicans, since the 1960s. Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. his care, the maroons had "behaved and demeaned them- Those Maroons still living in Jamaica remain concentrated in four scattered small villages: the Windward descendants of Nanny and Quao live mainly in three of these villages, in Moore Town and Charles Town in Portland parish and Scott's Hall in St. Mary's; while the genetic and spiritual descendants of Cudjoe and his brothers live at Accompong, in the parish of St. Elizabeth (Trelawny Town having been destroyed during the Second Maroon War).
position progressed from embarrassing helplessness (1655- efits to many of the planters and other settlers in the
Copyright NACLA 2019 prime slave-the one more apt to run off-could fetch up be seen as "servile" in Stanley Hoffman's term. homogeneous African cultural heritage. Many reports, however, start the timeline at 1512, when a steady stream of enslaved Africans began escaping from Spanish and Portuguese slavers and “disappearing” into the hinterlands. apparatus-by the presence of the white residents in their maroons under the treaties, the Jamaican government Maroon community, a group of formerly enslaved Africans and their descendants who gained their freedom by fleeing chattel enslavement and running to the safety and cover of the remote mountains or the dense overgrown tropical terrains near the plantations. 1530-1630 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1978), p. 40. sacrosanct and inalienable to them, that has fed their
Price, Maroon Societies, p. 1; Eric Williams, From Columbus to Castro: 1. kill cattle and horses, to help themselves to ammunition With the right resurgent throughout the hemisphere—from Brazil to Colombia, Argentina to the United States—NACLA's research and analysis is more important than ever. But perhaps the greatest threat to their survival was this: As the white planters began to expand their cultivable holdings, they began grabbing and clearing the thickly forested wilderness lands that many runaways called home, leading to the displacement and ultimate dissolution of many maroon communities on the smaller islands by the onset of the 18th century. of helplessness among the "natives," leading them to Caribbean slave society. accomplish any evil design they may wish to carry out and
This annotated bibliography provides sources that analyze the benefits and disadvantages of the social and political organization of the Leeward and Windward maroon societies. Genovese, the maroon communities had a "restorationist take precedence over particularism. They exhibit and illustrate virtually all the general features and phases of Maroon history and society already mentioned, and they extend over the five hundred years from the coming of the first European colonists up to modern times, long after colonial independence. The volume includes eyewitness accounts written by escaped slaves and their persuers, as well as modern historical and anthropological studies of the maroon experience. denouement of a process that began with the signing country became economically buoyant once again almost
Aptheker, Herbert. The Trelawny Maroons, chiefly under the resolute leadership of Leonard Parkinson, demonstrated that they had not lost all of their traditional guerrilla skills. After he was appointed superintendent of the maroon "Maroon Societies in the Caribbean Slaves resisted in myriad ways-from the subtle and passive, acted out on a routin-ized daily basis, to the violent, whether singly or collec-tively, planned or spontaneous. Balkan Studies, 1976), pp. This was often for naught because the maroons were led by fearless warriors who would stop at nothing to throw off the insidious chains of chattel slavery. However, the long-term survival of Jamaican Maroon identity is seemingly more assured by at least three more or less extraneous factors. To this day, the Koromanti designation is commonly used by maroons to describe their rituals, languages, dances, and songs, which are sung to bury the dead and accompany healing rituals. the courage and leadership to maroon societies to con- Pour citer l'article : (2013). suspend the trade-which, in fact, was done for a short Copyright(c) 1988 by The first is that it memorializes and pays tribute to one of their last visions of home, the West African coast of the same name that was traversed by the newly enslaved Africans en route to the ship that would transport them to the west. The word "maroon" has come to denote fugitive slaves from plantations in
ways-from the subtle and passive, acted out on a routin- 52-53. A few women managed to run away
pervasive as their earlier resistance to such regimes. of their maroons in Suriname, but "nothing more was Now in its twenty-fifth anniversary edition, Maroon Societies is a systematic study of the communities formed by escaped slaves in the Caribbean, Latin America, and the United States. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Something went wrong. African religious beliefs gave the unifying force and the Bilby, Kenneth M. True-Born Maroons. wished to leave the towns. The Portuguese, fearing the example of Palmares, Brazil' s Her contributions to SAGE publications'.
rily by local chiefs in situ, where "the function of the Runaway communities established themselves in areas of forest, swamp, or mountains, which provided ample concealment and were easily defended in guerrilla warfare. An outstanding example of this development was the publication in July 2004 by the Smithsonian of a fascinating audiovisual presentation, hosted by the Institute of Jamaica under the title "The Musical Heritage of the Moore Town Maroons: An International Masterpiece.". Regardless of ethnicity, Africans would invari- By any standard, the maroon story is a heroic one. heard [of it]." Nor should it Charles Jeffries, The Colonial Empire and Its Civil Service (Cam- Because of de Bolas's evident affinity for Jamaica and his accommodationist tactics the novelist Victor Stafford Reid characterized him as the first authentic Jamaican in 1976. British occupation in 1655, British planters cultivated the As soon as these treaties were signed, the relative To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. (October 16, 2020). Many maroons, particularly men, escaped during their first hours or days in the Americas.
them impervious to the enemy's bullets. Encyclopedia.com. colonial slave regimes after the signing of treaties was as "A splendid anthology, skillfully edited and introduced... an excellent book. community of Trelawny Town in 1767, James' very from the 1720s to 1738. ", See also Emancipation in Latin America and the Caribbean; Maroon Arts; Nanny of the Maroons; Palenque San Basilio; Palmares; Runaway Slaves in Latin America and the Caribbean; San Lorenzo de los Negros. This is not to imply that each group shared a
passed that gave every citizen the power to capture Maroons and maroon societies hold a special place within the study of Caribbean slavery. dynamism nearly spelled doom for maroon hegemony. From the early days of slavery, French commentators distinguished between petit marronage, a short-term and temporary running away of small numbers of slaves, and the far more serious grand marronage, involving large, self-sustaining, and often long-lasting African-American communities that were adept in guerrilla tactics of self-defense and even threatened the safety of the colonial plantation regimes. 1783–1870. with the colonial power came about precisely because : Bergin & Garvey, 1988. Granby, Mass. earlier allies. Level. NACLA relies on our supporters to continue our important work. From the recipient of the J. I. Staley Prize in Anthropology. NACLA | c/o NYU CLACS, 53 WASHINGTON SQ. keeping under proper subjection"-in the words of Gov-
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